Wilde’s Fairy Tales as the Ones That Teach Moral Lessons Essay

The Happy Prince and The Nightingale and the Rose

Oskar Wilde’s fairy tales – The Happy Prince and The Nightingale and the Rose – reveal moral and ethical dilemmas that the protagonists encounter in their search for the truth and love. Both stories are also about sacrifice for the sake of love, peace, and happiness.


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The first story presents The Happy Prince , a leaden statute who seems to be happy by appearance, but his inside his soul, he does edubirdie actually work was not happy at all because the city he guards is full of misery, diseases, and poverty. At the end, the protagonist and swallow die, but their sacrifice was made for the sake of the real happiness.

Similarly, the Nightingale is ready to sacrifice his life for love believing that this is the most precious thing in the world, even more precious than life. At the end of the story, the Nightingale is ready to die to make the Student happy and have the heed of his beloved. At the end, both protagonists realize that appearances are deceptive and that jewelries are not worth a thing as compared to real values, such as love and happiness.

Both narrations disclose Wilde’s conception of “art for art’s sake”, but in different ways. In the first case, the Happy Prince neglects his beauty because it does not make him happy. He realizes that the precious stones can help a young playwright create a masterpiece and, therefore, he is ready to sacrifice his beauty for the art’s sake.

In the second story, the Nightingale’s passion and devotedness also advocates the idea of art for art’s sake. She presses her breast on thorn until the most beautiful rose is born and recognizes that Love and Beauty are worth of dying for.

The story reveals to chegg an extent the concept of moral aestheticism advocated by Oscar Wilde. In particular, his fairy tales depict the main characteristics of the English society, the problem of the rich and the poor, as well as different characters and prototypes that disguise specific people. The stories, therefore, reveal the idea that people using fairy tales help him render the most problematic issues of his time.

Trumps Social Media Plan Problematic Law and Policy Pointless Security

A month ago, the legislative text of “ Visa Investigation and Social Media Activity Act of 2017 ” (VISA Act) was released. The bill requires, among other things, that background checks for visa applications of alien admission to the U.S. include “a review of the alien’s publically available interactions on and posting of material to the Internet (including social media services).”

The legislation, on its face, is markedly less aggressive than what the White House had reportedly been considering. During the Administration’s first week, CNN reported that the “White House is discussing asking foreign visitors to disclose all websites and social media they visit, and to share the contacts in their cell phones.” In more recent congressional testimony , DHS Secretary John Kelly doubled down on the proposal, noting that foreign travelers to the U.S. could be required to provide the government with passwords to their social media accounts before entering the U.S.

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The VISA Act does not directly address the obligation to provide passwords, but does include a provision indicating that when DHS or a consular officer requests “additional information” in relation to the application, it may not be approved unless all of the additional information is “provided in a complete form” before the deadline. This would seem to open the door for consular officers to demand passwords and deny requests for entry until such information was provided.

Senator Ron Wyden had previously sent a letter to the DHS Secretary expressing the Senator’s alarm over “reports of Americans being detained by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and pressured to give CBP agents access to their smartphone PIN numbers or otherwise provide access to locked mobile devices.” Wyden intends to introduce legislation to require law enforcement obtain a warrant prior to searching devices and “prohibiting the practice of forcing foreign travelers to” disclose online account information and passwords.

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Wyden’s proposal could close any loopholes created by the VISA Act by banning coercive practices like requiring the provision of a password to proceed with an application. Notably, the Obama Administration had floated a similar proposal back in August, albeit one that was far more limited in scope and emphasized the genuine voluntariness of providing the information.

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It is worthwhile considering the combined effects of the proposed legislation and executive action—to effectively mandate disclosure of passwords by visa applicants and tourists—since implementing the password and tourism requirements at the executive policy level is entirely consistent with the VISA Act. Put simply, this legislation could serve as a step towards that policy and not a step back, despite the more reserved language in the legislation.

During my years as an NSA lawyer, I regularly reviewed data-gathering proposals that could support the country’s counterterrorism efforts. If I had been asked to approve this proposal, I would have said no. There are numerous potential legal issues and it is both bad policy and an unwise use of resources unlikely to produce usable intelligence information.

The Proposal Raises Legal Issues

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There are many differences between the world of immigration law and intelligence operations, but there is enough similarity that the constraints on NSA are a useful framework for comparison. In that vein, I’ll offer a few thoughts on the reported EO from the perspective of a former intelligence community lawyer. While it is impossible to undertake comprehensive legal analysis without knowing the precise ways it will be implemented, even the scant information available here raises a number of red flags.

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First, there are problems to the extent the government action relies on legal consent. When the White House says it plans to “ask” foreign visitors to share their password information, the term is a euphemism. According to CNN reporting , White House policy advisor Steven Miller has said that, “If the foreign visitor declines to share such information, he or she could be denied entry,” which means that this is a condition of entry. Indeed, if the VISA Act codified anything, it is the non-voluntariness of the request for a password. If asked, an alien can either provide the password or terminate the immigration process. The same would, presumably, be true of the foreign tourist ready to pass through border control.

Then there is the question of legal authority. The President has broad authority to secure the border, particularly as it relates to non-citizens. Senator Wyden notes, however, that there are reports of U.S. persons being asked to produce information related to passwords or PIN codes. In determining the legality of any program, the first question government lawyers ask is, “Where is my grant of authority?” The second is, “How is that authority constrained?” Senator Wyden’s letter asks this of DHS directly. First, authority: “What legal authority permits CBP to ask for or demand, as a condition of entry, that a U.S. person disclose their social media or email account password?” And second, constraint: “How is CBP use of a traveler’s password to gain access to data stored in the cloud consistent with the Constitution or with statutory constraints such as the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act?”

Although the President’s authority to secure the border is broad, it is hard to conceive that it is broad enough to cover collection of intrusive information from the 77 million people who travel to U.S. each year. The Ninth Circuit’s recent opinion in Washington v. Trump makes clear that restrictions on travel are reviewable by courts. A program of this scope would, in practice, almost certainly be carried out in ways that implicate First and Fourth Amendment rights for at least some of those travelers. (It could also, depending on how it was implemented, implicate the First and Fourth Amendment rights of other individuals whose information is swept up in this collection.)

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These, of course, are only the threshold issues. Executive Order or policy guidance will raise further questions related to the application of the First and Fourth Amendments and the legal thicket related to properly storing, handling, and minimizing information once it has been collected.

The Proposal Raises Policy Issues

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Beyond the legal obstacles, there are a number of reasons why requiring all visitors to the US to provide this kind of information would have seriously detrimental policy effects. This kind of aggressive program sends a message to foreign countries that can have significant negative consequences.

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It would likely strain foreign relations and threaten to heighten diplomatic tension between the U.S. and its allies around the world. Because it represents a measure beyond the norms of international legal principles and because it would be widely viewed as a rather shocking intrusion on privacy, foreign governments may be compelled to take a stand against it.

It could chill the relationships among the international intelligence community. U.S. intelligence and law enforcement communities work closely with foreign partners to identify, assess, and address transnational threats. If those relationships come under additional strain, the U.S. could receive less intelligence information from foreign allies to the detriment of our own national security.

The program would undermine the business interests of U.S. multinational corporations. It will be viewed as confirmation of longstanding concerns in the European Union that U.S. laws do not adequately safeguard individual privacy, particularly when it comes to foreigners. This has been a sticking point in international commerce for years, heralding the collapse of Safe Harbor in 2015. Transatlantic commerce has only recently recovered from the Safe Harbor collapse with the new agreement on Privacy Shield . If this travel search proposal offers additional ammunition to the legal challenges to Privacy Shield, it will have significant economic consequences for U.S. companies.

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Finally, these sorts of intrusive programs undermine public trust. The U.S. national security community already has a monumental task in gaining and preserving the trust of the American people regarding the integrity of national security work that remains, by necessity, largely out of sight. When the policies that are visible are both unwise and contrary to basic U.S. values, they undermine the credibility of the government’s claims that it only intrudes where necessary and legal; they further complicate the public dialogue; and they make it harder for the intelligence and law enforcement communities to do legitimately important work.

Critically importantly, as discussed below, all of these problems arise without producing any significant intelligence information in return.

The Proposal Will Waste Time and Resources

At NSA, I learned firsthand that good intelligence law and good intelligence practice are frequently aligned. There is not a lot of value in having all the information; what intelligence professionals need is the right information. There are two basic methods to pursue that: collect a lot of information and search for the nuggets, or only collect on a more targeted basis.

The first approach is more in line with what the White House has proposed thus far. Although bulk data collection is sometimes viable when it is coupled with strict access and usage controls, in this case, it is unlikely to be effective as proposed. The legislation governing visa applications and executive action governing non-visa travel would, taken together, allow for indiscriminate collection of all web browsing, social media, and contact information of some 200,000 visitors every day—a quantity of information that would drown useful analysis. Intelligence analysis is often compared to searching for a needle in a haystack. A program such as the one the administration has proposed would increase the size of the haystack by several orders of magnitude, but if the additional hay consists of online shopping and cat videos, it only makes the task of finding the needles more difficult.

Consider for a moment what that kind of data-gathering this proposal would entail and the practical steps required to accomplish it. Web browsing includes every search associated with any one of multiple digital profiles. Social media activity includes not only broadcast items like tweets or public posts but also the information listed behind access-limited Facebook pages or other profiles. The contacts in a phone will include not only frequent and close interlocutors, but also some larger number of passing acquaintances. Multiple the scope of all this data by even a fraction of the 77 million , the number of people who visited the United States in 2014 alone, and you are left with far too much noise to find a signal.

Human review of this data would be uninformed, time-consuming, and likely fruitless. No consular official or border crossing agent could possibly be expected to have the scope of knowledge needed to quickly assess this material. The VISA Act seems to anticipate this by directing DHS to prepare a plan for the “use of advanced analytics software” to detect immigration fraud and national security threats. But when applied to the volume of daily entry to the United States, it just isn’t realistic to think that sophisticated technology or comprehensive databases can do on-the-spot intake and processing of such an enormous quantity of unstructured data – data that will necessarily include countless unknown entities – to flag every potential human trafficker, arms dealer, or terrorist. The capabilities don’t exist to support an immediate-response program of this scope and scale. Consequently, we are talking about one of two options: human review of laptops and mobile phones, or long-term storage of the data for later automated and human review. The first would means massive staffing increases, constipated travel, and negligible odds of any useful intelligence insights. The second would more squarely implicate First and Fourth Amendment concerns.

Collecting lots of irrelevant information doesn’t just create more data to wade through, it also increases the occurrences of false positives. Running down false leads diverts resources needed to do meaningful intelligence work. Even the government has finite resources: limits on the number of people, the amount of money, and the computing resources that it can devote to any given problem. Diverting resources to unhelpful programs like this one necessarily detracts available resources from meaningful programs and https://www.glassdoor.com/Overview/Working-at-Edubierdie-com-EI_IE2606759.11,25.htm make it harder, not easier, to detect real threats to the U.S.

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Two final notes. First, The Economist reported recently that searches for travel to the U.S. have already dropped by 17%, and that the Global Business Travel Association is already pointing to a 3.4% drop in a business sector that pumps $246 billion into the U.S. economy each year. So, in addition to privacy concerns, the economic damage likely to result from this proposal is very real.

Second, the proposal seems to work against the Administration’s own stated purpose. According to Jake Tapper’s reporting, Steven Miller has “argued that the government needs to do a better job of making sure the people who come into the U.S. embrace American values.” America’s core values start with its Constitution and our Bill of Rights, where freedom of expression, association, and religion are enshrined as principle number one, and constraints on unreasonably intrusive overreach by the government follow not far after. It’s the proposed searches, not the travelers, that are at odds with American values.

The narratives of exile and diaspora by Mahmud Darwish Essay- by EduBirdie

“The narrative of exile and diaspora” is all about Mahmud Darwish’s expressions of his frustrations with the way his fellow countrymen face injustice cases in their own country and even how things get worse for them when they flee their country in the attempt to try and find better living environments. Mahmud Darwish is a Palestinian poet and an author who feels disgusted by the challenges facing his fellow countrymen.

Essay on ‘The narratives of exile and diaspora’ by Mahmud Darwish

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He holds a grudge with the entire Palestinian government describing it as a dictatorial form of leadership. He goes further to blame the government for what he calls failure to give proper care to its citizens. This renders them to painful and miserable deaths that he thinks could not be happening had the government taken the responsibility of protecting their civilians.

The theme of exile and diaspora as portrayed in Darwish’s poem can be traced back to the beginning of the earth. This happened when Adam and Eve disobeyed God’s command of not eating the forbidden fruit. The angels of God carrying swords of fire threw them out of the Garden of Eden. They hence had to flee out of Eden and seek refuge elsewhere.

However, in reality the problem of exile originated from the turbulence that occurred in the Arab world caused by the Second World War activities. The Second World War led to the formation of movements aimed at opposing European colonialism leading to massive changes in political and social arena in the Arab world.

For example, the formation of Arab Nationalism in the attempt to counteract the Europeans leads to the eruption of several movements in the Arab world to oppose colonialism. Such revolutions significantly affected the lives of many civilians.

The civilians that inhabited Arab countries faced problems such as racial segregations and lack of proper protection by their own government. The most affected people are those who inhabited countries such as Palestine, Iraq, Egypt and Yemen. The claims made by Darwish are true according to Jewish literature.

The author expresses his frustration at challenges such as racial discrimination, displacement, dictatorial leadership and the fact that Arab countries are full of tyranny and governed by the sword as they describe it.

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As mentioned above, most civilians in the sword governed Arabic countries such as Yemen and Palestine who are the author’s main concern flee their own countries in search for refuge abroad. The most affected groups are the revolutionists and the top intellects that pioneered the whole idea of revolution and anti-colonialism movements. The leader’s ideas lead to war outbreaks between their own countries and the colonists.

However, the others run away for fear of assassination by their superiors who either saw them as a threat or thought they could use the secrets they know to bring them to the ground.

There were also dictatorial regimes, especially in Algeria where leaders killed their own civilians or created conditions that could not be tolerated by their citizens hence the need to flee. In fact, the governments of Algeria installed police forces and laws that were too hard for the civilians. Instead of enforcing law and order and ensuring that the citizens’ accessed protection they created conditions that pushed the civilians out of their own country.

The other contributing factor is the tragic war that erupted between the author’s country, Palestine and the Israelites that led to among others the massive exodus of Palestinian refugees in the years one thousand nine hundred and forty seven and the year one thousand nine hundred and sixty seven.

Their governments installed brutal police that instead of protecting the citizens, they oppressed them. As a result, they were not only defeated by their enemies but also lost thousands of their productive citizens who ran to other countries as refugees.

It is absurd that the countries where the citizens run to for help and where they expect to get solutions, as well as a home away from home, prove to be even a worse temptation as they receive the opposite of their expectations while there. Mahmud Darwish claims that it is extremely ironic that Arabs are not fairly treated in fellow Arab countries.

He gives an example of a Palestine who was found lying dead in Lebanon on top of a stone. All that is in his pocket are a few coins and a travelling document.

From this data, it is vividly evident that the refugees in Lebanon suffer deprivation of many rights. For example, instead of provision of a passport, all that a refugee had is a travelling permit. The story goes on to claim that the mother of the deceased kissed him and then mourns helplessly for a whole year.

In conclusion, Mahmud Darwish claims that the emergence of exile and diaspora dwelling has been heavy because the Arab country governments lack commitment to provide their citizens with security.

The problems faced by refugees are as a result of the governments of fellow Arab countries as they have totally failed to appreciate and embrace brotherhood. The only way to eradicate this problem is through self-responsibility among governments.

Whats Your Strategy for Managing Knowledge by Hansen, Nohria and Tierney Essay- by EduBirdie

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Essay on ‘What’s Your Strategy for Managing Knowledge?’ by Hansen, Nohria and Tierney

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The article by Hansen, Nohria and Tierney explores the strategies of knowledge management in different types of organisations. Knowledge management in business is a crucial aspect of being successful and maintaining the development of the company. There are two different knowledge transition strategies.

First one is called the codification strategy , which represents an approach towards the passing of the commercial knowledge by means of its codification and storage in computer programs and databases. This strategy makes knowledge accessible to anyone who requests it.

The other strategy is personalisation of knowledge, where the information is tied to the person responsible for it and is passed by means of communication. Companies are responsible for making the proper choice of the most suitable strategy. The choice of knowledge management strategy determines the type of people a company hires, the way it serves the clients and the ways its business and economics work.

Companies that practice personalisation strategy will transfer the knowledge within the business by means of moving people between the departments, providing sessions of communication through email, telephone and face-to-face, calls and letters are returned quickly.

This strategy implies a creative and analytical approach. Codification strategy enforces all the workers to fulfill the databases and send the information and reports to special storages, where all the other workers can find and use them. 1

The companies that work with standardised products can rely on codified knowledge, whereas for the companies that produce and sell customised goods, which vary a lot, codification will not be appropriate as it is very limiting.

Explicit knowledge based companies should also to reply on codification strategy, as they use standard repeated knowledge. Tacit knowledge, on the contrary, is hard to transmit through databases this is why it needs to be communicated properly face-to-face.

Management ?


To my mind, most of the companies today use mixed tactics and employ diverse workers. I think that for the companies that rely on outsourcing and expansion it is important to use both types of knowledge transmission.

Personal communication through various courses and seminars will create better understanding and attitudes among the employees, at the same time, when the company operates many branches, some of which are located abroad, it is very convenient to start databases and storages for the knowledge so that the diverse workers can access it every time they need.

If we view knowledge as an agent, we will notice that codified knowledge is the one that can perform standard tasks; it is active, but limited, structured and general. 2 The companies that work through a repetitive process should definitely use codification strategy; it will save the employees and the customers a lot of time.

The companies that develop not by producing the bigger quantities of goods, but through innovations and development have a more complicated knowledge transmission process.

For such organisations it would be wiser to employ the codification strategy for the new branches and employees that are not experienced and do not possess much professional knowledge. Such workers should be free to access the basic information from databases.

As soon as the new workers gain experience, they will be able to move to the stage of personalised knowledge. Successful performance on this stage requires creative approach to management practices, constant development and promotion, the ability to react and analyse quickly and in various situations. The people working at this stage should be very responsive and professional.


Abolfazlian, K. Codified & Personalisation Strategies How They Are Applied in Knowledge Management . Km4dev, 2010, retrieved < http://www.km4dev.org/profiles/blogs/codified-amp-personalization >

Hansen, M. T, N. Nohria & T. Tierney. ‘What’s Your Strategy for Managing Knowledge?’ Harvard Business Review , 1999, pp. 1-11.


1 M. T. Hansen, N. Nohria & T. Tierney. ‘What’s Your Strategy for Managing Knowledge?’ Harvard Business Review , 1999, p. 1

2 K. Abolfazlian. Codified & Personalisation Strategies How They Are Applied in Knowledge Management . Km4dev, 2010.

Where Are the Best Gambling Sites Located186

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Where Are the Best Gambling Sites Located?

If you are new to the game of online gambling, then you must have wondered where the best gambling sites are located. The answer is actually quite simple. South Africa is the best gambling site in the world.

With all the different types of casinos in the country, it is not surprising that South Africa has some of the best. When you get a chance to tour the country, you will be surprised by the many different sites available. There are numerous different gambling sites located in the country; however, the best one is the one that offers the greatest gaming experience.

If you look at the gaming sites in South Africa, you will find some of the best gaming facilities. The one thing that you will notice is that most of the sites are situated in the big cities. Although you can find some good gambling options in other areas of the country, the quality of the gaming services are limited. As a result, if you want to play casino games, then you should visit the big cities where the gaming options are plentiful.

You will also notice that South Africa has several of the best casinos. This is not surprising since these are the countries where the casinos are based. However, you must also understand that the casinos in this country offer more than just casino games. In fact, they offer different types of gambling including roulette, baccarat, blackjack, poker and live gaming.

If you choose to play roulette, you will be able to learn about the financial advice that is provided by the casino. In addition, you will also find that the casino staff in South Africa is friendly and knowledgeable about the products offered. In this way, you will be able to save money on https://gamblingboulevard.com/ your trip.

Playing blackjack is easy. This is because there are different types of betting odds. These include various single and double numbers, as well as multiples of the same number. Of course, you must know the exact size of the bet before placing it.

It is important to remember that there are only two cards on the table. In order to make a winning bet, you will need to know how to read the card and when to make the bet. The advantage of playing this game is that you will find that it is very exciting.

The gaming sites in South Africa have the best customer service. The staff will assist you with any questions that you may have regarding the gaming experience. In this way, you will have a great gaming experience that will satisfy your excitement for casino gaming.

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